My Family Member Developed a Bedsore:
Should I Call a Bed Sore Lawyer?

When a patient is neglected, deep bed sores can develop on their skin. Bed sores are preventable wounds that cause unnecessary pain and suffering. There is no excuse for allowing a bedsore to develop inside a facility. These pressure wound injuries generally develop from patient neglect.

At Senior Justice Law Firm, our bed sore attorneys focus on cases involving bedsore litigation. The majority of our caseload involves bed sores. Let our decades of experience and narrow focus guide you on your journey to justice.

If your loved one developed bedsores inside a nursing home, an assisted living facility, or hospital, call our bed sore lawyers now, toll-free, at 1-888-375-9998.

Pressure ulcers are a “never event” in hospitals and nursing homes, as per Medicare guidelines. This means they should never occur. Senior Justice Law Firm specializes in patient neglect cases against negligent nursing homes, assisted living facilities and hospitals. This is all we do.

Attorneys Narrowly Focused on Litigating Bed Sore Injury Claims

Bedsores, also called pressure sores or decubitus ulcers, frequently occur in nursing homes and hospitals as a result of nursing negligence. Bed sores are not an acceptable part of a hospitalization or nursing home residency. Untreated bed sores can result in sepsis, osteomyelitis and a whole host of other health issues, including wrongful death.

If your loved one developed bedsores inside a nursing home, assisted living facility, or hospital, report the incident immediately. Call us now at 1-888-375-9998 or use the live chat feature to speak with one of our bed sore lawyers about your legal options.

Your Legal Rights Following a Bed Sore Injury to a Loved One

A bed sore that developed into Stage 4.When you learn your family member has developed a bedsore in a facility, take action right away. Any pressure sores that you have noticed on your family member should be shown to the doctor and head nurse as soon as possible. Document the bed sore with pictures and create a list of the nurses and doctors you have spoken to about the wound. If your loved one develops bedsores inside a hospital, assisted living, or nursing home, you should seek legal advice from one of our bed sore attorneys.

Medical facilities should be — and can be — held responsible for these preventable and horrendous wounds. The law provides for an avenue of recovery through the civil justice system. This is called a bed sore neglect lawsuit, and this claim can be filed against the negligent nursing home or hospital where the bedsore developed.

How Do Bed Sores Form in Nursing Homes?

An elderly lying in pain while lying in her bed in a nursing home.

Lack of movement and improper hygiene are major factors in developing bedsores. Pressure sores result from restricted blood flow in a particular area — usually the heels, buttocks, back and head. However, compromised blood flow does not excuse bed sores.

When an at-risk patient cannot move in bed on their own, the nursing home or hospital nurses must reposition the patient every two hours to offload pressure and prevent bedsores. If the facility staff is not doing this every two hours, this is an example of nursing neglect. Federal laws are in place to protect patients from this carelessness. However, bedsores are still rampant throughout long-term care facilities, usually due to understaffed and overworked nurses. If a patient is left in their own urine, further underlying infections can result. The deteriorating skin can be permanently damaged.

Regular movement of patients at scheduled times (at least every two hours) and properly checking to make sure that clothing and bedding are dry are the responsibility of the nursing home or hospital. If the facility is doing an adequate job of hiring and training personnel, these routine patient care techniques should be in place. The standard of care requires that at-risk patients be turned every two hours by staff. The use of cushions, special pillows, air mattresses and other items to reduce skin pressure should be done regularly for non-mobile patients.

Bedsores, Pressure Sores and Decubitus Ulcers

Bed sore Lawsuit Facts and Infographic.

A nurse repositioning a bed sore patient in a nursing home facility.5 Fast Facts About Facility-Acquired Bed Sores

  1. Nursing homes and hospitals are legally required to track new and existing areas of skin breakdown.
  2. Most insurers will not reimburse a facility for wound care on bedsore developed in the facility. This is because these wounds are viewed as preventable if appropriate care is given.
  3. The most effective treatment of bed sores is preventing the wounds from developing.
  4. Most patients that develop a bedsore die within one year of the wound.
  5. The most common cause of death via bedsore is infection; sepsis (blood infection) and osteomyelits (bone infection).

Bed sore listed as cause of death

Common Infections Arising out of Unclean Bed Sores

Untreated decubitus ulcers are very serious and can lead to severe infection. Our bed sore attorneys commonly see the following infections due to pressure wounds:

  • Osteomyelitis
  • Sepsis
  • E. Coli
  • Cellulitis
  • Septic arthritis
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Proteus mirabilis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • MRSA

What Does Having a Bedsore Feel Like?

After years of representing bedsore victims, our bed sore lawyers have spoken with many victims of painful decubiti. Patients have described a painful, infected bedsore as absolute misery. It may start out as mild irritation, but it can soon develop into debilitating pain. This means that the patient is never able to get comfortable and is in constant pain from the wound.

The underlying wound infection can also profoundly change a patient’s life. In some cases, the pressure wound can even be deadly.

Bed Sore Photos and Staging of Bedsores

Re-positioning a patient every two hours in bed prevents bed sores.Bedsore photos are shocking and revolting. Even with decades of combined experience handling these kinds of claims, our bed sore lawyers are still horrified at seeing photographs of the wounds.

Bedsore pictures usually show a gaping hole in the skin, typically on the backside (sacrum) or the heels. They are painful, unsightly and can lead to deadly infections such as sepsis or MRSA.

Bedsores are staged based on severity from Stage 1 to Stage 4. A Stage 1 bedsore is a smaller red spot, while a Stage 4 bed sore is a severe, cavernous wound that may be infected with osteomyelitis. Below are professional pressure injury illustrations that depict the various stages of bedsores. If you are unsure which stage wound your family member has developed, speak with our bed sore attorneys today so that we can obtain the relevant medical records and determine the stage of the wound.

Healthy Skin - No Bed Sore - PhotographNon-Caucasian healthy skin - No Bed Sore - Photograph.Picture of a Stage 1 Pressure Injury with EdemaPressure Injury - stage 2 bed sore picturePressure Injury - stage 3 bed sore pictureStage 3 pressure sore bed sore pictureBed sore lawyer explains serious stage 4 pressure injury photoslough and Eschar - unstageable bed sore injuryDark Eschar and Necrotic Tissue Make this Bed Sore Unstageable, as You Cannot See the Bottom of the Wound to Stage It.Deep tissue Pressure Injury starts from the inside of the skin and then opens up, revealing a bed sore.

Documenting your family member’s wound with photographs is crucial. They say a photograph is worth a thousand words. This is true in bedsore neglect claims. Pictures of the wound are necessary to prove 1) that a bedsore existed and 2) to date when the bedsore developed. Bed sore pictures can be used against the nursing home or hospital later in court.

Never rely on the facility to document the bedsore with photographs! Even if you see the wound care team taking pictures of the pressure ulcer, do not assume that those photos will make it into the medical record. Be sure to document the wound yourself by taking your own photographs, which can serve as evidence later on in your nursing home abuse claim.

Bed Sore Statistics in Nursing Homes and Hospitals

According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 10% of patients residing in nursing homes suffer from pressure sores.  Of those patients, 50% of them had a Stage III or Stage IV bed sores, which means that it was a severe pressure ulcer. Pressure ulcers are a ‘never event’ in hospitals and nursing homes. This means pressure sores should never occur inside a facility and there is usually no excuse for bedsore formation.

The most common victims of bedsores are patients over the age of 60 who have compromised mobility. When a patient has compromised mobility, it means that they cannot move or reposition themselves in bed. Statistically, bedsores occur far more often in nursing homes versus hospitals or in-home elder care. This is likely due to systemic understaffing in America’s nursing home industry. If there are not enough nurses working on a facility floor, not all the at-risk patients will be turned and repositioned. When patients are neglected and left lying in bed in their own urine and feces, infected bedsores develop. Although statistically most bed sore sufferers reside in nursing homes, hospital-acquired bedsores do occur and are usually due to patient neglect as well.

According to bed sore statistics, the most common cause of skin breakdown is the failure to turn and reposition the patient. Dehydration and malnutrition are the second leading cause of pressure injuries.

Shockingly, patients are more likely to develop pressure sores in today’s nursing homes and hospitals than at any other time. With budget cuts and realignments in the medical sector, facility nurses are understaffed. Nurses are also under-trained and doing jobs for which they are not qualified, resulting in inadequate care of patients, which is unacceptable. Studies such as those documented in the National Library of Medicine National Institution of Health stated that patients admitted to hospitals from a nursing home were more than five times more likely to have pressure sores.

Who is at Risk for Bed Sores?

As mentioned above, nursing home residents are more likely to develop bedsores than hospital patients. Potential risk boosters of bedsores in nursing homes and hospitals include:

  • Aging – elderly people have thinner skin, which vastly increases their risk of getting ulcers.
  • Lack of pain receptors – some elderly people have nerve disorders that prevent them from feeling the pain and discomfort that lets a person know they need to change their position in bed.
  • Incontinence – the moisture associated with incontinence can boost the chances of developing pressure injuries. Urine and feces also add to the risk of infecting the pressure ulcer wound.
  • Malnutrition – deficiencies in certain nutrients can skyrocket your chances of developing a bedsore and makes developed bedsores harder to treat.
  • Diabetes or vascular disease – Diabetes, Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) and Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) accelerate wound development. Further, these diseases compromise blood flow and make existing bed sores harder to treat. However, vascular blood flow insufficiencies are not excuses for pressure ulcer development.
  • Smoking – nicotine acts in a similar way to circulatory diseases, restricting blood flow and not allowing proper circulation to the affected area.

How Does Nutrition Impact Bed Sores?

The medical community is in agreement that improper nutrition can contribute to bed sore development.

Malnutrition appears to be a common contributor to bedsore occurrence in nursing homes, but other less severe nutritional deficiencies can also make bedsores more common. This is why it is crucial that the nursing home staff carefully monitors the patient’s nutrition levels in order to prevent skin breakdown. Repositioning a patient is not enough to prevent skin breakdown. The facility must ensure that the patient is getting appropriate nutrition and hydration as well.

A balanced diet can not only reduce the likelihood of bedsores developing, but also significantly improve healing times of existing bedsores.

The nutritional deficiencies that increase bedsore risk are:

  • Protein
  • Zinc
  • Vitamin C

These increase your risk because they are crucial for the strength of your skin and your body’s ability to heal.

Try to make sure your family member is getting more of the following:

  • Meat, eggs, and dairy – for protein and zinc
  • Fruits and vegetables – for vitamin C

If the patient is unable to eat solid foods, speak with the facility’s nutritionist about setting up feeding alternatives. A recent study shows the positive effect that nursing home patients with bedsores experienced after undergoing a nutrition intervention. When the nutrition experts took control of the patients’ nutrition, bedsore healing rates were significantly higher. This was likely because they were getting enough of these nutrients compared to their previous nursing home diet.

Preventing Bed Sores in Nursing Homes

Deep pressure ulcer in a nursing home residentPreventing pressure sores in nursing homes and hospitals is a relatively straightforward task. If a nurse is on top of providing the required care to the patient, a bedsore will not form. Unfortunately, nursing homes often fail to reposition immobile individuals every two hours, fail to properly place cream on existing small pressure sores, and fail to give proper nutrition intervention to those at risk. This allows bedsores to form.

Here is a quick checklist that can be used to prevent bedsores in nursing homes, hospitals, and assisted living facilities:

  • Reposition the patient at least every two hours in bed and every 15 minutes in a wheelchair
  • Place special creams on bedsore to help the wound heal and stay clean
  • Use a donut cushion when the patient is sitting in a chair or wheelchair
  • Utilize a special air loss mattress to offload pressure of the affected area
  • Use a wound vac on existing pressure ulcers
  • If the wound is severe enough, plastic surgery can be performed to close off the wound and prevent further infection and deterioration

Pressure injury prevention is the responsibility of the facility. As a layperson, knowledge is power. The best thing to do is to equip yourself with the knowledge about bedsore prevention and communicate with the facility so that they provide the appropriate standard of care to your family member. Remember though: appropriate care is their responsibility, not yours.

What To Do When Caregivers Fail: Bed Sore Lawsuit

Unstageable bed sore from laying in bedPressure sore lawsuits are becoming increasingly common in the US, primarily because healthcare experts agree there is no reason for many bed sores to occur. Our elder abuse attorneys file more bed sore lawsuits than any other type of injury claim.

There is simply no justification for these kinds of skin insults to develop in a hospital or healthcare facility.

If a nursing home has a bedsore problem, there may be a larger, facility-wide, systemic patient neglect problem. By opening a bed sore claim, you are exposing this potentially pervasive problem in the facility.

If you have a potential bedsore lawsuit, contact an attorney focusing on elder abuse cases. Our bedsore lawyers have handled thousands of cases involving this specific kind of injury.

Deep stage 4 pressure sore with packing in the wound bed

Most bedsores develop due to negligence on the part of hospital or nursing home nurses. Tragically, this cycle continues because only 1 in 14 incidents of elder abuse in the U.S. actually gets reported. This allows the negligent facilities to continue to neglect their patients, thereby creating more bed sores and resulting injuries.

At Senior Justice Law Firm, our lawyers have years of experience litigating bedsore negligence lawsuits. Our bed sore attorneys have recovered millions of dollars for our clients in neglect cases. We understand how enraging a preventable pressure ulcer can be, especially considering the lethal health impact it can have on an elderly patient. We understand that these cases are about much more than just money; they are about justice.

Now Is the Time to Take Action

If your loved one developed bed sores, take action. Don’t allow other patients in the facility to suffer the seemingly endless cycle of elder abuse. Be a voice for the voiceless and stand up to patient neglect.

Speak With a Compassionate Bed Sore Attorney Now, For Free

Contact us now for your free case consultation at 1-888-375-9998 or by live chatting with our law firm today.